संगीत किसे कहते हैं ?

संगीत किसे कहते हैं ?

We are all familiar with the word ‘music’. Generally singing, playing and dancing are considered as music.

The reality is that music is an art whose medium is sound and silence.

When it comes to singing, a song is considered a miniature work of music. Common elements of music include pitch (PITCH) i.e. the height of the vowel (in which MELODY means melody and HARMONY meaning harmony), RHYTHM i.e. cadence and rhythm and swar.

When we talk about music as an art, it includes the presentation of music, criticism, study of the history of music, etc. The creation, performance, importance and even definition of music varies according to culture and social context. Music as an art can be divided into fine arts, performing arts and listening arts.

Music can be sung, listened to, it can be part of a play or film and it can also be sung.

Music is part of the lifestyle in many cultures. Music is defined in ancient Greek and Indian philosophy as melody and harmony. Music can be performed for many purposes. For spiritual pleasure, religious rituals or celebrations or just for entertainment. Immature artists often create music for their own pleasure, and making money is not their goal. The original source of origin of music in India is considered to be the Vedas. According to Indian Vangmaya, Brahma gave music to Narada Muni as a boon.

Mantras in the Samaveda were recited in the Vedic period with the use of seven swaras as per the Vedic Saptak or Samagana of that time. Guru Shishya Parampara was the only means of teaching and learning music.

Indian music can be divided into 3 parts.

  1. Classical Music (Also known as Margi Sangeet.)
  2. ecclesiastical music
  3. Easy Music.

There are two main forms of classical music

  • Hindustani music (which became popular in North India)
  • Carnatic music (which became popular in South India).

The modern form of Hindustani music developed under the umbrella of the Mughal emperors, and Carnatic music appears in the temples of the south, for this reason, in Hindustani music, Shringa Rasa and Bhakti Rasa in Carnatic music.

Brief History of Indian Music

  • It is believed that music started during the Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Evidence of this is the bronze statue of a dancer found in the excavation, the practice of worshiping the god of music or Shiva.
  • After the decline of this civilization, in the Vedic civilization, in the style of music, God was worshiped with the recitation of hymns and mantras.
  • Kalidas, Tansen, Amir Khusro made special contributions.


The most important word in relation to music is ‘Swara’. In music, that word which has a definite form and whose softness or intensity or fluctuation etc. can be easily guessed on hearing, is called swara.

The division of vowels in Indian music is as follows

Shadj s
Rishabh Ray
Gandhara G
medium I
fifth Fifth note of musical scale
Dhaivat th
Nishad Prohibit

According to a scientific research, the basis of these vowels is vibration. in something-

  • Vibration 256 times – Shadj
  • 298/2/3 Vibration – Rishabh
  • Vibration 320 times – Gandhara grows like this
  • Vibration 480 times – Nishad

A double vibration means an octave above and a half vibration means a lower octave. It is believed that the seven vowels have been taken from the voices of animals and birds.

• S-peacock, Ray-cow, C-goat, Ma-craunch, Pa-cuckoo, Dh-horse, Ni-elephant

• Among these vowels, s and p are pure vowels. The rest of the vocals are soft and intense.

• Each swara is divided into two, three parts, each part of which is called Shruti.


In music, it is essential to have the vowels in the rhythm. The rhythm also passes through three levels, similar to the octaves. The normal rhythm is called the middle rhythm. Faster than normal rhythm is called fast rhythm and less than normal rhythm is called delayed rhythm.


When the time is divided equally, a rhythm is formed. The tala is repeated over and over again, each time completing the last piece and reverting to the same piece of time it started with. Each piece is called a quantity. Time in music is measured by volume.

For example- There are 16 pieces or quantities of time or rhythm in three talas. Each piece is given a name called a bol.

The volumes of the tala are divided into different parts so that the singer or player knows which volume he is on and after how many volumes he will reach in time. According to the verses of the words in the locks, their divisions are done. The place from where the cycle starts again is called Sama. Blank and Bhari are two important words in Taal. The part on which more emphasis has to be given according to the words, that part is called Bhari. Clap is given to the full, but the one who is not clapped is called empty.


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