Hinduism i.e. Sanatan Dharma, whose followers are mostly in India and Nepal. It is said to be the oldest religion in the world. It is also called ‘Vedic Sanatan Varnashrama Dharma’ which means that its origin is even before the origin of human. Scholars consider Hinduism as a mixture of different cultures and traditions of India, which has no founder.
It is a religion based on the Vedas, which has many different worship systems, beliefs, sects and philosophies in it. It is the third largest religion in the world by number of followers. Most of its worshipers are in India on the basis of numbers and in Nepal on the basis of percentage. Although many gods and goddesses are worshiped in it, it is actually a monotheistic religion.
It is also called Sanatan Dharma or Vedic Dharma. The formal name of this religion in Indonesia is “Hindu Agam”. Hinduism is not only a religion or sect but a way of life.
According to Hindu history and Puranas, there are seven people who are Chiranjeevi. It is all bound by some word, rule or curse and it is all endowed with divine powers. The eight siddhis mentioned in yoga have all the powers in them. It is like parapsychology, only those who know the science of today’s modern science like parapsychology and telepathy can believe it. Come let us know who are these seven living superhumans according to Hinduism.
#1 Sacrifice: The discussions of King Bali’s donation were far and wide. King Bali had captured Indraloka to attack the gods. The sacrifices took place during the incarnation of Lord Vamana in Satyuga. To quell the pride of King Bali, God disguised as a Brahmin had asked King Bali to donate three steps of land. King Bali said that wherever you wish, put three legs. Then the Lord, taking His cosmic form, measured the three worlds in two steps, and placing the third step on the head of the sacrifice, sent him to Hades.
#2 Parashurama: Parashurama has been a great sage before the time of Rama. His father’s name is Jamadagni and mother’s name is Renuka. Husband Parayana Mata Renuka gave birth to five sons, whose names were named Vasuman, Vasushen, Vasu, Vishwavasu and Rama respectively. Pleased with Rama’s penance, Lord Shiva had thrown him away, hence his name Parashurama.
#3 Hanuman: Anjani’s son Hanuman has also got a boon to remain immortal. He has been a great devotee of Lord Rama during the time of Rama. After thousands of years, they are also seen in the Mahabharata period. There are episodes in the Mahabharata that Bhima asks him to remove his tail from the path, then Hanuman ji says that you should remove it, but Bhima is unable to remove his tail even with all his might.
#4 Vibhishan: Ravana’s younger brother Vibhishana. Those who supported him in the fight against his brother by chanting the glory of Ram’s name and kept chanting the name of Ram throughout his life.
#5 Maharishi Ved Vyas: Mahabharat writer Vyasa was the son of sages Parashara and Satyavati, he was of dark complexion and was born on an island situated in the middle of Yamuna. Hence he is called ‘Krishna’ because of his dark complexion and ‘Dvaipayana’ because of his birth place. His mother later married Shantanu, with whom they had two sons, in whom the elder Chitrangad was killed in battle and the younger Vichitravirya died childless.
Krishna Dvaipayana preferred the life of religious and detachment, but on the insistence of the mother, he produced two sons by the rule of niyoga by the two childless queens of Vichitravirya, who were called Dhritarashtra and Pandu, among whom the third was also Vidura. There is also a memoir penned by him in the name of Vyassmriti.
#6 Ashwatthama: Ashwathama is the son of Guru Dronacharya. Ashwathama has Amarmani on his forehead and that is why he is immortal, but Arjuna had taken out that Amarmani. Due to wielding Brahmastra, Krishna had cursed him that you will live on this earth till the end, that is why Ashwatthama is counted among the seven Chiranjeevis. It is believed that he is still alive and wandering because of his karma. Claims of his appearance have been made occasionally in Kurukshetra and other pilgrimages in Haryana. The incident of his appearance in the fort of Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh is also prevalent.
#7 Kripacharya: A famous son of Sharadvan Gautam has been Kripacharya. Kripacharya was the maternal uncle of Ashwathama and the patriarch of the Kauravas. While playing the hunt, Shantanu got two babies. Shantanu brought them up by naming them both as Kripi and Kripa. In the Mahabharata war, Kripacharya was active on behalf of the Kauravas.