Friends ! If you have read our previous posts, then you must have seen the word “Operating System” repeatedly in it. Maybe the question has also come in your mind about the word operating system, what is an operating system? So no problem, friends, in today’s post, we are going to give you a detailed answer to this question.
What is Operating System?
As you can understand from the name itself that operating system is the part of operating the computer system by which the computer is operated. Operating system is called “Operation System” in Hindi. Just as a body without a soul is lifeless, in the same way a computer or mobile without an operating system is also lifeless because without an operating system, a computer or mobile etc. is just an empty box. You must be thinking that this soul and body thing, I had also said about software and hardware in the previous post, so how will this thing apply in it. So I want to tell you here that operating system is also a type of software, which comes under system software. All the hardware in the computer is dependent on the OS because without the operating system no hardware can work. If there is no OS, then the computer cannot establish a connection between all its hardware. We can also call the OS as the manager of the computer. In simple words, OS is the software operating the computer which controls and manages the computer as well. All the software in our computer is based on the OS. Operating system is made up of small programs.
major operating system
Operating System (OS) for the computer
Windows, Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, Mac OS, Linux, MS-DOS etc.
Mobile Operating System (OS)
Android, iOS, Black Berry OS, Blackberry 10, Windows Phone, Symbian OS, etc.
type of operating system
There are many types of OS. Here I will tell you about some of the main types of OS.
Types of OS by User
single user os
An OS in which only one user can work at a time is called Single User OS. Like- DOS, WINDOWS 3X, WINDOWS 95/97/98 etc. You can see two types of OS even in Single User.
- Single User Single – Task – In this OS a user can do only one task at a time like – Palm OS
- Single User Multi – Tasking – In this OS a user can do many things at the same time like – Windows and Mac OS
multi user os
An OS in which many users can work at the same time is called Multi User OS. eg – Unix
Types of OS based on operating modeAnd
Character User Interface (CUI) OS
To run this OS, one has to always type the command. If you want to open a file, then for that you have to type the command, when that file will open. In this OS, only the keyboard is used. Through this the computer is controlled (Control-controlled), the mouse has no work in it. This OS is not user friendly. It is called Character User Interface (CUI) because it is based on character (character-character). In earlier times computers used to work like this. If you want to see how computers used to work in earlier times, then you go to the Run program in your computer, type CMD there and do OK. A window will open in front of you. In earlier times, all the work was done here only by typing commands. Not everyone could run this type of computer. But today with the advent of GUI type computers, it has become easy for all the people to operate the computer. CUI OS like – DOS, Unix
Graphical User Interface (GUI) OS
You do not have to type commands to run this OS. There is no need to type command to open any file in this OS. Rather, in the folder or location in which the file is located, that file can be opened by going to the mouse. Both keyboard and mouse are used in this OS. This OS is user friendly. Today almost everyone has computers with GUI OS, some have computers with CUI OS. GUI OS like – Windows, Linux
operating system functions
- To facilitate the communication between the computer and the user (user-user).
- To establish coordination and control over all the hardware and software of the computer.
- By following the command of the user, acting on it, etc.
- With the help of operating system, we can do many things at a time.
- Manage files and memory.
Friends, we have taken great care while writing this post, but still if we make any mistake then you can tell us by writing it in the comment, we will fix it immediately and we hope you liked this post. If you like our post then do share it with your friends.