Makar Sankranti 2022 Date, Puja Vidhi, TimingsKnow: Worship method of Makar Sankranti, auspicious time, Sun God is worshiped on this day
Makar Sankranti 2022 Date
Friday, 14 January 2022
Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 January every year. Unlike most Hindu festivals, which are determined according to the changing position of the moon and are based on the lunar calendar, Makar Sankranti is based on the solar calendar. Every year, Makar Sankranti is celebrated to mark the movement of the Sun in Makara or Capricorn. The word ‘Sankranti’ literally means ‘movement’. Hence, the festival accurately reflects the transit of the Sun into Capricorn. On the day of Makar Sankranti festival, the duration of the day and the duration of the night are equal, making it one of the oldest Sankranti festivals. The festival officially marks the beginning of spring or the Indian summer. After this day, the Sun lasts slightly longer than in the previous, making the days longer than the nights.
2022 Makar Sankranti Shubh Muhurta
On this auspicious day of Makar Sankranti, people indulge themselves in spiritual practices like taking holy bath in holy rivers especially Godavari, Ganga, Yamuna and Krishna. It is believed that taking a holy bath washes away all your past sins. People also pray to Surya for their prosperity and success.
Have a look at the auspicious time of Makar Sankranti 2022:
- Makar Sankranti 2022 Date :- 14 January 2022, Friday
- Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal:- 02:43 PM to 05:20 PM
- Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal Duration:- 02 hours 37 minutes
- Makar Sankranti Maha Punya Kaal :- 02:43 PM to 04:30 PM
- Makar Sankranti Maha Punya Kaal Duration:- 01 Hour 47 Minutes
Sankranti is basically a public holiday in India and lasts for 2 to 4 days in most of the states. Some other festivals celebrated along with Makar Sankranti are as follows:
Makar Sankranti Puja Method
Although Makar Sankranti is primarily a day to worship the Sun God (Sun God), people also worship Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. To perform the puja, follow the procedure given below:
- Fill a little water in the panch.
- Then place a wooden post and sprinkle some Gangajal to clean it.
- Then cover it with a piece of fresh yellow cloth.
- Take a handful of raw rice and make a small pile on the right side.
- Repeat this four times and place the piles of rice one after the other to the left.
- Respectfully place the idol/image of Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, Goddess Lakshmi and Sun God on each pile.
- Light an oil lamp and place it in the right corner of the post.
- One by one sprinkle some water on all the deities.
- Begin the puja by invoking Lord Ganesha and seeking his blessings.
- Offer turmeric, sandalwood, kumkum, janeu, kalava, durva grass, flowers, incense and a fruit.
- Chant Ganesh Gayatri Mantra Om Ekadantay Vidhamahe, Vakratundaya Dhimahi Tanno Danti Prachodayat
- After praying to Lord Ganesha, worship Lord Shiva. Offer sandalwood, janeu, kalava, vilva patra, flowers (if possible dhatura flowers), incense and fruits.
- Chant Rudra Gayatri Mantra Om Tatpurushaya Vidmahe Mahadevaya Dhimahi Tanno Rudra Prachodayat
- After worshiping Lord Shiva, offer turmeric, sandalwood, kumkum, janeu, kalava, basil leaves, flowers, incense and a fruit to Lord Vishnu.
- Chant Vishnu Gayatri Mantra Om Narayanaya Vidmahe Vasudavaye Dhimahi Tanno Vishnu Prachodayat
- After worshiping Lord Vishnu, worship Goddess Lakshmi. Turmeric, sandalwood, kumkum, kalava, lotus/flower, incense and a fruit and a tamboolam (consisting of brown coconut whose husk is broken into two pieces, betel leaves and areca nut, some bananas/fruits, turmeric, kumkum, some currency coins and a piece of fresh cloth).
- Chant Laxmi Gayatri Mantra Om Mahalakshmaichya Vidmahe Vishnu Pattachya Dhimahi Tanno Lakshmi Prachodayat
- After praying to Goddess Lakshmi, worship the Sun God. Offer turmeric, sandalwood, kumkum, janeu, kalava, flowers, incense and a fruit. Afterwards, you can also perform Arghya (a ritual of offering water to the Sun God) while facing the Sun.
- Chant Surya Gayatri Mantra to Japan Om Aditya Vidmahe, Martandaya Dhimahi, Tanno Surya Prachodayat.
- End the worship by lighting camphor aarti of each deity.
Significance of Makar Sankranti
- You must have seen that kites are flown on this day. Kite flying competitions are also organized in different parts of the country.
- It is considered a form of thanksgiving to God as kites can fly high in the sky.
- People often wear black clothes on this day. It has both scientific and religious benefits. As we all know that black color is the observer of the sun’s rays.
- During Makar Sankranti, the Sun begins its journey towards the Northern Hemisphere and it is believed that wearing a black colored cloth receives all the good energy from the Sun.
- People consume freshly cut grains on this day which are mainly offered to the God and then eaten.
Why do we eat Khichdi on Makar Sankranti?
Makar Sankranti is considered to be the harvest festival of the country which is celebrated by flying kites, worshiping Lord Surya, eating a variety of dishes and lighting bonfires. One of the famous dishes associated with Makar Sankranti is Khichdi. It is a one pot meal prepared using rice, lentils, salt and turmeric. It has both mythological and cultural significance.
Makar Sankranti Images